The finance officer is responsible under North Carolina general statutes for keeping the accounts of the school system in accordance with national accounting standards and state rules and regulations; giving a pre-audit certificate for system obligations; issuing all checks and depositing and investing all monies; preparing and filing financial statements; purchasing goods and services in accordance with applicable laws and good purchasing practices; and performing other duties as assigned by law, the superintendent, or state agencies. These responsibilities are delegated to the general accounting, budget and purchasing departments which are a part of the finance division.
Accounts Payable is responsible for processing payments for goods and services rendered to the district by vendors and expense reimbursements to district employees. We are committed to making payments to our vendors and employees accurately and timely.
CMS Annual Comprehensive Financial Report
In accordance with State Public Education guidelines, the CMS Annual Comprehensive Financial Report is available online.
Supplementary Financial Information
Additional supplementary state financial information pursuant to GS 115C-105.25.
To ensure that parents, educators, and the general public are informed on how State funds have been used to address local educational priorities, each local school administrative unit shall publish the following information on its Web site by October 15 of each year:
(1) A description of each program report code, written in plain English, and a summary of the prior fiscal year's expenditure of State funds within each program report code. See the Annual Expenditure Report by LEA by Purpose Code.
(2) A description of each object code within a program report code, written in plain English, and a summary of the prior fiscal year's expenditure of State funds for each object code. See the Annual Expenditure Report by LEA by Object Code.
(3) A description of each allotment transfer that increased or decreased the initial allotment amount by more than five percent (5%) and the educational priorities that necessitated the transfer. See the following:
Glossary of Terms
Administrative Support Services:
Activities concerned with the Board of Education, Executive Administration, and General Administration.
An allocation of funds for expenditures or to incur obligations for specific purposes. An appropriation is usually limited in amount and the time when it may be expended.
Average Daily Attendance (ADA):
The aggregate days of attendance for the period divided by the number of days school was actually in session.
Average Daily Membership (ADM):
The sum of the number of days in membership for all students in individual school units is divided by the number of school days in the term.
A scorecard is a management and measurement system alignment to the CMS vision and goals. It is used as a roadmap to set direction and a dashboard to check progress. The "Balanced" refers to the scorecard's use of objectives and measures in four quadrants.
A plan of financial operations embodying an estimate of proposed expenditures for a given period or purpose and the proposed means of funding.
A budget calendar is included in the School Budget and Fiscal Control Act. It prescribes the last day on which certain steps of the budget are to be performed.
The management of the financial affairs of the school system in accordance with the appropriate laws, regulations, and procedures of the various governing bodies.
Business Support Services:
Activities concerned with fiscal services, operation of plant, transportation of pupils, plant maintenance, and supply services.
Career Development/Performance-Based Accountability Program (PBAP):
An intensive in-service and evaluation program provides a "career ladder" for teachers leading to salaries equivalent to the mid-management pay range.
Expenditures relating to replacing roofs, heating and air conditioning systems and other fixed assets of the school system, including furniture, equipment, and vehicles.
Normally used to describe a grant received from another governmental unit to be used or expended on specific programs or activities.
Central Support Services:
Activities concerned with directing and managing system-wide programs of personnel management, planning, research, communications, and data processing.
Activities concerned with providing food to pupils and staff in a school or local school administrative unit, including the preparation and serving of regular and incidental meals, lunches, or snacks in connection with school activities and the delivery of food.
Co-Curricular Instructional Programs:
School-sponsored activities are designed to provide opportunities for pupils to participate in such experiences on an individual or group basis for motivation, enjoyment, and improvement of skills (e.g., athletics, yearbooks, clubs, etc.).
Activities not directly related to the provision of education for pupils. These services include community recreational, educational, and cultural programs and activities.
A budget that includes the necessary resources for an entity to continue offering the same level of services as was furnished in the prior budget period.
Costs of services performed by outside agencies such as tuition to special schools and institutions, legal and audit costs, consultant services, and contracted repairs on buildings and equipment.
Operational costs for the entire school system, including all revenues from State, County, Federal, and other miscellaneous sources. Capital replacement and building program costs are not considered part of the current expense.
Amounts paid by the school system on behalf of their employees. These amounts are not included in the gross salary but are over and above. They are fringe benefit payments and, while not paid directly to employees, are part of the cost of salaries and benefits when appropriate. Total employee benefit costs are allocated to programs, activities, or functions in proportion to full-time salary costs. Employee benefits include social security, retirement (pensions), health insurance, dental insurance, life insurance, worker's compensation, and unemployment compensation.
The amount of payment to which a state, local government, or school system is entitled as determined by the federal government pursuant to an allocation formula contained in applicable statutes.
The twelve-month period of time to which the annual budget applies. All North Carolina school systems, by law, must observe a fiscal year that begins on July 1 and ends on June 30.
A fund is an independent fiscal and accounting entity consisting of cash and other resources together with all related liabilities, obligations, reserves, and equities, which are segregated by appropriate accounting techniques for the purpose of carrying on specific activities or attaining certain objectives in accordance with established legal regulations, restrictions, or limitations.
Furniture and Equipment:
Expenditures for the acquisition of fixed assets such as equipment, computer hardware, replacement furniture, etc.
GAAP - Generally Accepted Accounting Principles:
Standards pertaining to financial accounting and reporting. These standards include the conventions, broad guidelines, rules, procedures, and detailed practices necessary to define acceptable accounting practice.
A contribution or gift of cash or other assets from another party to be used or expended for a specific purpose, activity, or facility. Capital grants are restricted by the grantor for the acquisition and/or construction of fixed (capital) assets. All other grants are operating grants.
Graphic Production Center:
Furnishes printing, graphic arts, and audiovisual services to the schools and departments.
Indirect cost represents support costs and incidental supplies furnished by the general support services of the school system to a specific program (usually a grant program).
Activities concerned with writing, editing, and other preparation necessary to disseminate educational and administrative information to pupils, staff, managers, or the general public through direct mailing, the various news media, or personal contact.
Costs associated with providing computerized records of personnel, financial information, and students for administrative units within the school system.
Instructional Operating Costs:
Costs of supplies, materials, and other operating expenses related to the instructional program.
Instructional Staff Support Services:
Activities that provide administration and logistical support to staff instructors. Included are curriculum development, in-service, and media services.
Internal Services Fund:
The Internal Services Fund reflects the costs of services rendered to all departments of the school system by the Maintenance Department, the Data Processing Department, the Graphic Production Center, and the Telecommunications/Copier Department.
Maintenance of Plant:
Includes the cost of repairs and upkeep of physical facilities, equipment, and vehicles other than buses.
Cost of supplies, materials, and other routine expenses required in the operation of the school media centers (libraries).
National Board Professional Teacher Standards (NBPTS) Certification:
A nationally recognized certification identifies and recognizes teachers who effectively enhance student learning and demonstrate a high level of skills, abilities and commitments. In order to be certified, teachers must have a minimum of three years of experience and must complete an extensive 1 to 3-year process of approximately 400 hours of extra performance-based assessments.
The service or commodity obtained as a result of a specific expenditure.
Operation of Plant:
Activities dealing with the day-to-day operations of the physical facilities are primarily composed of custodial services, security, and utilities.
Amounts paid for goods and services which are not classified as salaries, employee benefits, purchased services, supplies and materials, and non-expendables. Items that could be included in this category are indirect costs, insurance, membership dues and fees, depreciation, license and title fees.
Positions equate to the full-time equivalent individuals that can be assigned for the employment period represented by the allotment category. For example, a position in the classroom teacher allotment represents an employment period of 10 months. Therefore, the number of full-time equivalent individuals that can be employed is limited to the number of months associated with the positions allotted by the State.
Pre-audit of Disbursements and Obligations:
Pre-audit is defined to mean the verification by the school finance officer that the budget resolution includes an appropriation authorizing the obligation and that a sufficient unexpended and unobligated balance remains in an appropriation to provide for the liquidation of a liability that is or will be chargeable to a specific appropriation within the current fiscal year.
Pupil Support Services:
Activities that provide technical, personal and logistical support to facilitate instruction. Included are administrative activities that provide pupils with appropriate medical, dental, and nursing services.
Amounts paid for personal services rendered by personnel who are not on the payroll of the local school administrative unit and other services which the local school administrative unit may purchase.
The function, action or purpose for which a person or thing is used or exists (why purchased). Examples of functions are regular instructional programs, special instructional programs, general administration, employee benefits, and community services. See pp. 197-203 for a list of purpose codes.
Regular Instructional Programs:
Instructional activities are designed primarily to prepare pupils for activities as citizens, family members, and workers, as contrasted with programs designed to improve skills or overcome handicaps of a physical, mental, social and/or emotional nature. Regular instructional programs include grades K-12.
Amounts paid to persons who are employed by the local school administrative unit in a permanent, temporary, or part-time position or one who substitutes for those in permanent positions.
An organizational subdivision of a school system consists of a group of pupils composed of one or more grade groups, organized as an unit with an assigned principal, or person acting in the capacity of principal, to give the instruction of the type defined in N.C. Standard Course of Study, and housed in a school plant of one or more buildings.
School Administrative Support Services:
Activities concerned with directing and managing the operation of schools. The activities performed by the principal, assistant principals, and other assistants in general supervision and maintenance of the school records and the clerical staff support for these activities.
Southern Association Accreditation Standards:
Minimum standards set by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools cover diverse areas of student instruction, from student curriculum to physical facilities. In addition, all member schools must meet Southern Association accreditation standards.
Special Instructional Programs:
Instructional activities are designed primarily to deal with pupils having special needs. The Special Instructional Programs include services for the academically gifted, mentally handicapped, physically handicapped, emotionally disturbed, culturally different, pupils with learning disabilities, and special programs for other pupils.
Activities concerned with educational media services, social work services, guidance services, health services, psychological services, speech, pathology, and audiology services.
Supplies and Materials:
A supply item is any article or material that meets any one or more of the following conditions: 1) it is consumed in use; 2) it loses its original shape or appearance with use; 3) it is expendable, that is, if the article is damaged or some of its parts are lost or worn out, it is usually more feasible to replace it with an entirely new unit rather than repair it (which is not true of equipment); 4) it is an inexpensive item, having characteristics of equipment, whose small unit costs makes it inadvisable to capitalize the item; and 5) it loses its identity through incorporation into a different or more complex unit or substance.
Transportation of Pupils:
Activities concerned with the conveyance of pupils to and from schools, as provided by state law. Included are trips between home and school and trips to school activities.
Federal law provides that certain federal funds not obligated during the first year of allotment shall remain available for obligation and expenditure for one additional year. Federal grant periods vary. Therefore, each grant must be reviewed to determine if the Tydings Amendment will apply. Since the Federal fiscal year begins October 1 and the State fiscal year begins July 1, many grant periods can be active for up to 27 months when provisions of the Tydings Amendment are applicable.
Uniform Chart of Accounts:
In 1975 the General Assembly enacted a law requiring a uniform accounting system for all local school administrative units, effective July 1, 1976.